CROUCHING ALI, HIDDEN SHAMOUN:
reply to a concerned missionary........
Mary, Muhammad's Concubine
It has become quite popular for Muslims to slander Ali Sina, the founder of www.faithfreedom.org, by accusing him of being a liar or an Islamophobe because he supposedly distorts Muslim sources. For example, this following article was written to "expose" Ali Sina's "lie" that Muhammad had intercourse with Mariyah the Copt, "one of the prophet's wives' maids", specifically Hafsa's maid(*), without being properly married to her. Here are responses from two Muslims:
Now, if Mariyah (RA) really was just a maid, THAT WOULD CERTAINLY BE A PROBLEM. Certainly, every anti-Islamic writer out there takes great delight in printing this allegation. But does Ali Sina provide any proof of this? Do any of the Islamophobic writers who mindlessly repeat this allegation provided any proof? After searching on and off for the best part of two months, the answer would seem to be a resounding NO.
Ali Sina is a liar, and an Islamophobe ( Note: later on in the Article Shamoun will agree that Sina is a liar :>) Now coming to Maryiah the Copt, its either she was just a servant, and not part of the Holy Prophet (S) household, or she was his wife. Shedding more light , an Islamic site says this:
"As for the Egyptian Mariyah, she was offered to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as a slave gift from Al-Muqawqis, the leader of the Copts, in return for the Prophet's message calling them to Islam. Instead of taking her to serve in his household, he kindly settled her in a house of her own. She embraced Islam. Some sources say that she was freed and was one of the Mothers of the Believers. She bore the Prophet his son Ibrahim, who died early."
I will further touch on these points, since its an intro , let me not make it TOO long,
Looking at any reputable source will tell you that Muhammad (PBUH) and Mariyah (RA) were legally married. In one example, the noted historian Ibn Kathir records:
Ibn Kathir wrote:
Maria al-Qibtiyya (may Allah be pleased with her) is said to have married the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and certainly everyone gave her the same title of respect as the Prophet's wives, 'Umm al Muminin' 'Mother of the Believers'. Maria was born in upper Egypt of a Coptic father and Greek mother and moved to the court of the Muqawqis when she was still very young. She arrived in Medina to join the Prophet's household just after the Prophet returned from the treaty with Quraish which was contracted at al-Hudaybiyya.
(The full text can be found at Islamic-Paths.org, plus a number of other sites.)
A brief search at non-Islamic resources will also confirm this fact - for example, the Human Family Project (http://users.legacyfamilytree.com/NorthernEurope/f110.htm) and the Maximillian Genealogy Project (http://www.peterwestern.f9.co.uk/maximilia/pafg887.htm#26206) both list Mariyah (RA) as one of the Prophet's (PBUH) wives.
Ali Sina is even contradicted by his anti-Islamic partner-in-crime Ibn Warraq, who describes her as his 'legal concubine' in his book "Why I'm Not a Muslim". Whilst the term 'legal concubine' is a somewhat crude euphemism for 'wife', it certainly puts paid to the theory of Mariyah (RA) being nothing more than a maid. (Bahagia, Muhammad (PBUH) and Mariyah (RA); source; capital emphasis ours)
This is from an article on the Bismikaallahuma forum, located here: http://forum.bismikaallahuma.org/viewtopic.php?t=1371
So this Muslim ADMITS that if Mr. Sina were right that Mariyah was only a maid, then there would be a problem, thereby vindicating Mr. Sina. Fair enough.
Another Muslim writes (quite passionately I might add):
Ali Sina said:
The following is Muhammad's scandalous love affair with Mariyah the Copt who was one of the prophet's wives' maids. Muhammad slept with her without any ceremony, which caused uproar among his wives and finally was settled by Divine intervention. This story is recorded in an authenticated Hadith and is reported by Omar.
Ali Sina begins his article, with a CLEAR-CUT LIE! Mariyah the Copt wasn't just a servant, she was the Prophet's (S) own Wife!
(Bassam Zawadi, Rebuttal to Ali Sina's article: "Mariyah the Sex Slave of the holy Prophet": http://www.answering-christianity.com/bassam_zawadi/rebuttaltoalisina9.htm)
Well about Mariyah being a maid, I already posted a scholars view, on Mariyah the Copt, and he agrees that "Some sources say she was freed". So, while some sources say she was freed, others will say she wasn't. So Sam will post the ones which will show she WASN'T freed.
Is Sina really lying? Could it be that Sina was perhaps mistaken? Maybe he read a source that erroneously claimed that Mariyah was Hafsa's maid and failed to verify it? This doesn't excuse Sina but only shows that he is fallible like the rest of us, and much like these Muslims as we shall see.
However, both of these Muslim reactions protest against the statement that she was only a slave or maid, and instead claim that she was Muhammad's wife. Sina made a mistake. Mariyah was not Hafsa's maid, she was Muhammad's slave girl. But those Muslims do not attack this mistake, i.e. whose maid she was, but attack the claim that she was only a concubine and not a proper wife.
Are these Muslims correct that Mariyah wasn't a maid at all? Is it true that Mariyah was Muhammad's wife and not his concubine? Or could it be that these Muslims are not revealing everything by quoting only partially what is found in the early sources of Islam?
Well, in the final analysis, it is these Muslims who are trying to pull a fast one over their readers. They apparently assumed that their readers would blindly accept everything they wrote without verifying it for themselves. If they thought their readers weren't na´ve, gullible pawns, then they wouldn't have dared to withhold the following important piece of data. There are MANY MUSLIM SCHOLARS that specifically deny that Mariyah was Muhammad's wife, and have no shame admitting that she was nothing more than Muhammad's slave. To silence this slander of Ali Sina we will quote some Muslim writings and websites which agree with him. All bold, underline and capital emphasis will be entirely ours.
Now, the fun begins...
The scholars that write for the website www.islamqa.com received a question regarding whether Mariyah was Muhammad's wife to which they answered:
There is no doubt that Mariyah al-Qibtiyyah was the concubine of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and she bore him his son Ibraaheem. Can the title of "Mother of the Believers" be given to Mariyah al-Qibtiyyah or not?
Praise be to Allaah.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) DID NOT MARRY MARIYAH AL-QIBTIYYAH, RATHER SHE WAS A CONCUBINE who was given to him by al-Muqawqis, the ruler of Egypt. That took place after the treaty of al-Hudaybiyah. Mariyah al-Qibtiyyah was a Christian, then she became Muslim (may Allaah be pleased with her).
Ibn Sa'd said:
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) lodged her - meaning Mariyah al-Qibtiyyah and her sister - with Umm Sulaym bint Milhaan, and the Messenger of Allaah (S) entered upon them and told them about Islam. He took Mariyah AS A CONCUBINE and moved her to some property of his in al-?Awaali. and she became a good Muslim.
Al-Tabaqaat al-Kubra, 1/134-135
Ibn ?Abd al-Barr said:
Mariyah died during the caliphate of ?Umar ibn al-Khattaab, in Muharram of 16 AH. ?Umar gathered the people himself to attend her funeral, and he led the funeral prayer for her. She was buried in al-Baqee'.
Al-Isti'aab, 4/ 1912
Mariyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) WAS ONE OF THE PROPHET'S CONCUBINES, NOT ONE OF HIS WIVES. The Mothers of the Believers are the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves, and his wives are their (believers') mothers (as regards respect and marriage)"
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had four concubines, ONE OF WHOM WAS MARIYAH.
Ibn al-Qayyim said:
Abu ?Ubaydah said: HE HAD FOUR (CONCUBINES): MARIYAH, who was the mother of his son Ibraaheem; Rayhaanah; another beautiful slave woman whom he acquired as a prisoner of war; and a slave woman who was given to him by Zaynab bint Jahsh.
Zaad al-Ma'aad, 1/114
For more information of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) - the Mothers of the Believers - please see the answer to question no. 47072
And Allaah knows best.
Islam Q&A (www.islam-qa.com)
(Question #47572: Was Mariyah al-Qibtiyyah one of the Mothers of the Believers?)
These are the sources which agree she was just a concubine.
The famous Sunni commentator and historian al-Tabari wrote:
God granted Rayhanah bt. Zayd of the Banu Qurayzah to his Messenger [as booty]. Mariyah the Copt was presented to the Messenger of God, given to him by al-Muqawqis, the ruler of Alexandria, and she gave birth to the Messenger of God's son Ibrahim. These were the Messenger's wives; six of them were from the Quraysh. (The History of Al-Tabari: The Last years of the Prophet, translated and annotated by Ismail K. Poonawala [State University of New York Press (SUNY), Albany 1990], Volume IX, p. 137)
At first sight, Tabari seems to agree with Ali Sina's Muslim detractors since he says that Mariyah was Muhammad's wife. Yet, this impression is wrong, and changes when we read his later comments:
An Account of the Messenger of God's
They were Mariyah bt. Sham?un, the Copt, and Rayhanah bt. Zayd al-Quraziyyah who, it is said, was of the Banu al-Nadir. An account of them has been given above. (Ibid., p. 141)
The Messenger of God also had a eunuch called Mabur, who was presented to him by al-Muqawqis WITH TWO SLAVE GIRLS, ONE OF THEM WAS CALLED MARIYAH, WHOM HE TOOK AS A CONCUBINE, and the other [was called] Sirin, whom he gave to Hassan b. Thabit after Safwan b. al-Mu?attal had committed an offense against him. Sirin gave birth to a son called ?Abd al-Rahman b. Hassan. Al-Muqawqis had sent this eunuch with the two slave girls in order to escort them and guard them on their way [to Medina]. He presented them to the Messenger of God when they arrived. It is said that he was the one [with whom] Mariyah was accused of [wrongdoing], and that the Messenger of God sent ?Ali to kill him. When he saw ?Ali and what he intended to do with him, he uncovered himself until it became evident to ?Ali that he was completely castrated, not having anything left at all of what men [normally] have, so [Ali] refrained from killing him. (Ibid., p. 147)
Mariyah, the Prophet's CONCUBINE and the mother of his son, Ibrahim.
Al-Muqawqas, lord of Alexandria, gave her with her sister Sirin and other things as a present to the Prophet.
According to Ibn ?Umar [al-Waqidi] - Ya?qub b. Muhammad b. Abi Sa?sa?ah - ?Abdallah b. ?Abd al-Rahman b. Abi Sa?sa?ah: In the year 7/May 11, 628-April 30, 629, al-Muqawqas, lord of Alexandria, sent to the Prophet Mariyah, her sister Sirin, a thousand gold coins, twenty fine robes, his mule Duldul, and his donkey ?Ufayr, or Ya?fur. With them was Mariyah's brother, a very old eunuch called Mabur. Al-Muqawqas sent all this [to the Prophet] with Hatib b. Abi Balta?ah. The latter suggested to Mariyah that she embrace Islam and made her wish to do so; thus she and her sister were converted, whereas the eunuch adhered to his religion until he was [also] converted later in Medina, while the Prophet was [still] alive.
The Prophet admired Umm Ibrahim ["Mother of Ibrahim," Mariyah's title], who was fair-skinned and beautiful. He lodged her in al-?Aliyah, at the property nowadays called of Umm Ibrahim. He used to visit her there and ordered her to veil herself, [but] he had intercourse with her BY VIRTUE OF HER BEING HIS PROPERTY. (The History of Al-Tabari: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors, translated by Ella Landau-Tasseron [State University of New York Press (SUNY) Albany 1998], Volume XXXIX, pp. 193-194; bracketed statements ours)
845. That is, Mariyah was ordered to veil herself as did the Prophet's wives, BUT HE DID NOT MARRY HER . (Ibid., p. 194)
More sources which agree with Sam that Mariyah was just a concubine.
It is obvious what Tabari meant when saying that Mariyah was one of Muhammad's wives. He wasn't denying she was his slave girl, his concubine, but was using "wife" in the sense of one whom Muhammad slept with and who mothered his child.
More importantly, both these Muslims quoted Ibn Kathir and gave the impression that he denied that Mariyah was Muhammad's slave. Notice the quotation provided by these Muslims:
Maria al-Qibtiyya (may Allah be pleased with her) IS SAID TO HAVE MARRIED the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and certainly everyone gave her the same title of respect as the Prophet's wives, 'Umm al Muminin' 'Mother of the Believers'. Maria was born in upper Egypt of a Coptic father and Greek mother and moved to the court of the Muqawqis when she was still very young. She arrived in Medina to join the Prophet's household just after the Prophet returned from the treaty with Quraish which was contracted at al-Hudaybiyya.
The careful reader will see Ibn Kathir's qualification, "IS SAID", which shows uncertainty on his part whether she did indeed become his wife. Now here is what Ibn Kathir does explicitly say, which the authors again failed to share with their readers:
<those (slaves) whom your right hand possesses whom Allah has given to you,> means, ?the slave-girls whom you took from the war booty are also permitted to you.' He owned Safiyyah and Juwayriyah, then he manumitted them and married them, AND HE OWNED Rayhanah bint Sham`un An-Nadariyyah AND MARIYAH AL-QIBTIYYAH, the mother of his son Ibrahim, upon him be peace; THEY WERE BOTH AMONG THE PRISONERS, may Allah be pleased with them. (Ibn Kathir's Commentary on Sura 33:50; online edition)
Now, here is where Sam shoots himself in the foot, he quotes Ibn Kathir. The fact is that Ibn Kathir in his book located here: http://www.islamic-paths.org/Home/English/Muhammad/Book/Wives/Chapter_12.htm#maria, dedicates ONE part of his book to Mariyah the Copt , and the name of the book is... Well , you guessed it , " Muhammads Life: The Wives of the Prophet Muhammad". Now coming to "IS SAID" and uncertainty, well dont blame Ibn Kathir , since Muslims agree that some sources say she was freed, others dont. But even if she wasn't freed, if she had a child with him, she would've have been freed:
Sheikh Muhammad Iqbal Nadvi, Imam of Calgary Mosque, Canada, and Former Professor at King Saud Univ., Saudi Arabia, answers:
This question is only of academic value now. It is most likely that people know about this issue theoretically, because some of the critics of Islam raise this question to attack Islam and its principles.
The situation of having concubines is related to several things: First, if the Islamic state exists. Second, if the Islamic state makes offers for other territories to join Islam or enter into treaties with them. Third, if those territories refuse all kinds of peace and amicable offers, or if they announce war. Fourth, during the time of war, both sides capture prisoners that are exchanged mutually, then there's no concubines. Fifth, if the prisoners have no possibility of being exchanged and they are kept under the conquered army, then the following things happen: Either they are killed, as what happened in Siberia, or they are put in prison where they are humiliated to death or the females are used as concubines.
Here it's to be stressed that Islam has no double standards, and the situation of concubines is not a desirable option in Islam. If it happens, however, Islam solves it in a way akin to Islamic philosophy. That is, Islam deals with the issue on individual basis in the sense that the captives are distributed to Muslim individuals who can take care of them, teach them, and when they feel safe, free them. For this purpose, Islam related the freedom of slaves, with many Kaffarat (expiations) of sins.
Coming to your questions, there are two cases of concubine: one is a slave-girl living with a person as a maid only, in which case she will serve him, but he is not allowed to establish any sexual relationship with her. The other case is, if he decides to keep her as a partner, then he can establish a relationship with her, and then she will be freed as soon as she delivers any baby for him. Also, he will be the only person who has a relationship with her. This solution prevents any kind of prostitution, and at the same time, it finally leads towards the freedom of these concubines.
Currently, the conditions mentioned above do not exist, so no one can have concubines nowadays. That is why I consider the issue of concubines to be only of academic value, meaning that you only know it theoretically, because some of the critics of Islam raise this question to attack Islam.
So either way, since she bore him Ibraheem, she would've been freed.
Ibn Kathir expressly says that whereas Muhammad owned and then married Safiyyah and Juwayriyah he doesn't say this for Mariyah. He simply says that Mariyah was one of those prisoners whom he owned.
Finally, al-Tabari's date poses major problems for those who wish to assert that Muhammad married Mariyah. According to Sura 33:52 Muhammad was forbidden from taking on anymore wives with the exception of concubines:
It is not allowed to you to take women afterwards, nor that you should change them for other wives, though their beauty be pleasing to you, except what your right hand possesses and Allah is Watchful over all things. Shakir
According to the late scholar Sayyid Abu Ala' Maududi this Sura was complied at A.H. 5 or A.D. 628/629:
Period of Revelation
The Surah discusses three important events which are: the Battle of the Trench (or Al-Ahzab: the Clans), which took place in Shawwal, A. H. 5; the raid on Bani Quraizah, which was made in Dhil-Qa'dah, A. H. 5; and the Holy Prophet's marriage with Hadrat Zainab, which also was contracted in Dhil-Qa'dah, A. H. 5. These historical events accurately determine the period of the revelation of this Surah. (Source)
Tabari says that al-Muqawqis sent Mariyah as a gift to Muhammad in the year A.H. 7, or roughly two years after the composition of Sura 33. The Muslim authors quote one online source which places Mariyah's arrival to Medina after the signing of the treaty of Hudaibiyah, also implying that she arrived roughly around the time of A.H. 7:
Maria al-Qibtiyya (may Allah be pleased with her) is said to have married the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and certainly everyone gave her the same title of respect as the Prophet's wives, 'Umm al Muminin' 'Mother of the Believers'. Maria was born in upper Egypt of a Coptic father and Greek mother and moved to the court of the Muqawqis when she was still very young. She arrived in Medina to join the Prophet's household just after the Prophet returned from the treaty with Quraish which was contracted at al-Hudaybiyya. Maria gave birth to a healthy son in 9 AH, the same year that his daughter Zaynab died, and the Prophet named his new son Ibrahim, after the ancestor of both the Jews and the Christians, the Prophet from whom all the Prophets who came after him were descended. Unfortunately, when he was only eighteen months old, Ibrahim became seriously ill and died. Even though he knew that his small son would go to the Garden, the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) could not help shedding some tears. When some of his Companions asked him why he was weeping, he replied, "It is my humanness." (Muhammad's Life: The Wives of the Prophet Muhammad, "MARIA al-Qibtiyya"; source)
Thus, if Muhammad did marry Mariyah he did so in clear violation of the Quranic command forbidding him from taking any more wives!
Now, watch this missionary tactic, first Sam quotes Ibn Kathirs commentary, for Sura 33 Ayat no 50. But lets ask Sam why he didnt quote the commentary for Ayat no 52? Heres why :
"More than one of the scholars, such as Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Ibn Zayd, Ibn Jarir and others stated that this Ayah was revealed as a reward to the wives of the Prophet expressing Allah's pleasure with them for their excellent decision in choosing Allah and His Messenger and the Home of the Hereafter, when the Messenger of Allah , gave them the choice, as we have stated above. When they chose the Messenger of Allah their reward was that Allah restricted him to these wives, and forbade him to marry anyone else or to change them for other wives, even if he was attracted by their beauty -- apart from slave-girls and prisoners of war, with regard to whom there was no sin on him. Then Allah lifted the restriction stated in this Ayah and permitted him to marry more women, but he did not marry anyone else, so that the favor of the Messenger of Allah towards them would be clear. Imam Ahmad recorded that `A'ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, said: "The Messenger of Allah did not die until Allah permitted (marriage to other) women for him.'' It was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i in their Sunans. On the other hand, others said that what was meant by the Ayah "
Ibn Kathir also says:
"(nor to change them for other wives even though their beauty attracts you, ) He was forbidden to marry more women, even if he were to divorce any of them and wanted replace her with another, except for those whom his right hand possessed (slave women)."
So this will silence Sam on his interpretation.
(NOTE: According to Maududi, this Sura was revealed in A.H. 5, but according to Yusuf Ali , some ayats in this Sura, mainly Ayat 52 was revealed in A.H. 7, which is the year Mariyah was presented to the Holy Prophet:
"This was revealed in A.H. 7. After that the Prophet did not marry again except the handmaiden Mary the Copt, who was sent as a present by the Christian Muqauqas of Egypt. She became the mother of Ibrahim, who died in his infancy.
(Source: The Quran: Text translation and Commentary by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Footnote#3754)
Maududi even emphatically denied that Mariyah was Muhammad's wife:
(1) The woman who came into his possession from among the slave-girls granted by Allah. According to this the Holy Prophet selected for himself Hadrat Raihanah from among the prisoners of war taken at the raid against the Banu Quraizah. Hadrat Juwairiyyah from among the prisoners of war taken at the raid against the Bani al-Mustaliq, Hadrat Safiyyah out of the prisoners captured at Khaiber, and Hadrat Mariah the Copt who was presented by Maqauqis of Egypt. Out of these he set three of them free and married them, but had conjugal relations with Mariah on the ground of her being his slave-girl. In her case THERE IS NO PROOF that the Holy Prophet set her free and married her. (Maududi, The Meaning of the Qur'an, English rendered by the Late Ch. Muhammad Akbar, edited by A.A. Kamal, M.A. [Islamic Publications (Pvt.) Ltd., Lahore Pakistan, 4th edition, August 2003], Volume IV, fn. 88, p. 124)
In light of the foregoing, it is time to return to the comments made by one of Sina's detractors. Bahagia stated that:
Now, if Mariyah (RA) really was just a maid, THAT WOULD CERTAINLY BE A PROBLEM.
Since we have documented that Mariyah was indeed Muhammad's maid, his slave or concubine, this means that we certainly do have a problem. Mr. Sina stands vindicated at least in regards to her status as a maid, even though he mistakenly assumed that she was Hafsah's maid.
Maududi denied it, while Yusuf Ali agreed to it, as well as these authors:
"Reviewing the marriages of Prophet Muhammad individually one does not fail to find the actual reasons behind these marriages. They may be classified as follows:
1. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) came to the world as an ideal model for mankind, and he was in all aspects of his life. Marriage in particular is a striking illustration. He was the kindest, most loving and charitable husband. He had to undertake all stages of human experience and moral tests. He lived with one wife and with more than one, with the old and the young, with the widow and the divorcee, with the pleasant and the temperamental, and with the renowned and the humble. But, in all cases be was the epitome of kindness and consolation, and so designated to experience all the different aspects of human behavior and situations. This could not have been a physical pleasure; it was a moral trial as well as a human task, and a hard one too.
2. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) came to establish morality and assure every Muslim of security, protection, moral integrity and a decent life. His mission was put to the test in his life and it did not stay in the stationary form of theory. As usual, he took the hardest part and did his share in the most inconvenient manner. Wars and persecution burdened the Muslims with many widows, orphans and divorcees. They had to be protected and maintained by the surviving Muslim men. It was his practice to help these women become resettled by marriage to his Companions. The Companions rejected some women and so some of those women sought his personal patronage and protection. Realizing fully their conditions and sacrifices for the cause of Islam, he had to do something to relieve them. One course of relief was to take them as his own wives and accept the challenge of heavy liabilities. So he did so and maintained more than one wife at a time when it was no fun or easy course. He had to take part in the rehabilitation of those widows, orphans and divorcees because he could not ask his Companions to do things that he himself was not prepared to do or participate in. These women were trusts of the Muslims and they had to be looked after jointly. What he did, then, was his share of responsibility, and as always his share was the largest and heaviest. That is why he had more than one wife and more than any of his Companions.
3. There were many prisoners of war captured by the Muslims who were entitled to security and protection. They were not killed or denied their rights: human or physical. On the contrary, they were helped to settle down through legal marriages to Muslims instead of being taken as concubines and common mistresses. That also was another moral burden on the Muslims, which had to be shouldered jointly as a common responsibility. Here, again, Muhammad carried his share and took some responsibilities by marrying two of those captives.
4. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) contracted some of his marriages for sociopolitical reasons. His principal concern was the future of Islam. He was interested in strengthening the Muslims by all bonds. That is why he married the young daughter of Abu Bakr, his First Successor, and the daughter of `Umar, his Second Successor. It was by his marriage to Juwayriyyah that he gained the support for Islam of the whole clan of Bani Al-Mustaliq and their allied tribes. It was through marriage to Safiyyah that he neutralized a great section of the hostile Jews of Arabia. By accepting Mariyah, the Copt from Egypt, as his wife, he formed a political alliance with a king of great magnitude. It was also a gesture of friendship with a neighboring king that Muhammad married Zaynab who was presented to him by the Negus of Abyssinia in whose territory the early Muslims found safe refuge.
5. By contracting most of these marriages, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) meant to eliminate the caste or class system, racial and national pride and superiority, and religious prejudices. He married some of the humblest and poorest women. There was his marriage to Mariyah from Egypt, a Jewish woman of a different religion and race, and a Negro girl from Abyssinia. He was not satisfied with merely teaching brotherhood and equality: actions speak louder than words.
6. Some of the Prophet's marriages were for legislative reasons and to abolish certain corrupt traditions. Such was his marriage to Zaynab, divorcee of the freed slave Zayd. Before Islam, the Arabs did not allow divorcees to remarry. Zayd was adopted by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and called his son as was the custom among the Arabs before Islam. But Islam abrogated this custom and disapproved of its practice. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was the first man to express this disapproval in a practical way. So he married the divorcee of his "adopted" son to show that adoption does not really make the adopted child a real son of the adopting father and also to show that marriage is lawful for divorcees. Incidentally, this very Zaynab was Muhammad's cousin, and had been offered to him in marriage before she married Zayd. He refused her then, but after she was divorced he accepted her for the two legislative purposes: the lawful marriage of divorcees and the real status of adopted children. The story of this Zaynab has been associated in some minds with ridiculous fabrications regarding the moral integrity of Muhammad. These vicious fabrications are not even worth considering here (see Qur'an, 33: 36, 37, 40).
These are the circumstances accompanying the Prophet's marriages. For the Muslims there is no doubt whatsoever that Muhammad had the highest standards of morality and was the perfect model for mankind under all circumstances. To non-Muslims we appeal for a serious discussion of the matter. Then, they may be able to reach sound conclusions."
(Source: Islam In Focus by Hammudah Abdalati p. 177-178)
" Notwithstanding all that, the Potiphar of Egypt did not embrace Islam. Of the two girls sent by him, one was Mariya Qibtiya, who was married to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and the other Sirin , who was married to Hasan; the mula was named Duldul, frequently mentioned in books on traditions. In the battle of Hunain, the Prophet ( peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was on the back of this very animal. Tabari says that Mariya was Qibtiya and Sirin were real sisters, and through the teachings of Hatib Ibn Abi Balta'a, who had been sent as a messenger to the Potiphar of Egypt, both had embraced Islam before reaching the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). What one has to note here is that these ladies were not slave girls and that they had already accepted Islam. We should hence conclude that Mariya Qibtiya entered the Prophet's household as a duly wedded wife, and not as a slave girl."
(Source: Sirat-Un-Nabi by Allama Shibli Nu'Mani p. 153 Vol 2 )
Now here is the most hilarious part of this article:
"Mr. Sina stands vindicated at least in regards to her status as a maid, even though he mistakenly assumed that she was Hafsah's maid"
Did he mistakenly do it, or intentionally?? So as you can see, Sam agrees Ali is "mistaken" or how I like to put it, a liar .
In response to Maududi, here is proof, which shows Mariyah wasn't just a slave:
" To Muhammad Ibn 'Abdullah from Muqaudis, the chief of Qibt. Peace to you. I have read your letter and have noted the contents. I knew this much that a prophet was to come. But I had expected him to appear in Syria. I have extended an honourable welcome to your messenger and am sending two girls who are higly respected among the Qibtis (Egyptians) and I offer as a present some cloth and a mule to ride on."
(Sirat Un Nabi, p.153 Vol.II)
This was the reply to the Prophet's letter given by Muqauqis, BUT what I want you to note is where he says "two girls who are higly respected among the Qibtis". Here the author of this wonderful book, comments:
" We have translated the word "Jariyah" in the original sense meaning girl. In Arabic it may be used for a slave girl as well. Historians have on this account declarled Mariya to have been a slave girl. But the words used by the Potiphar about these girls are ' Who are higly respected among the Qibtis or Egyptians". These are not the words that may possibly be applied to slave girls."
So as I said, I will post the sources which agree she was the Prophet (S) wife, and most likely she was. So Sam Shamoun when you laugh at Bahagia, and me and Brother Bassam Zawadi, just note that the joke is on you!
Allah Knows Best!