Key:

 

(SAWW) = Sal Allahu-Aza-wa-Jala A'laihi Wa A'le Hi Wasalam (The Blessings of Allah, the Glorified, be upon him and his family and peace).

 

(AS) = A'laihi-Salam (Upon him be peace).

 

(AS2) = A'laiha-Salam (Upon her be peace).

 

(AS3) = A'laihimus-Salam (Upon them be peace)

 

(RA) = Radi Allahu-Aza-wa-Jala A'nhu (May Allah, the Glorified, be pleased with him).

 

(RA2) = Radi Allahu-Aza-wa-Jala A'nha (May Allah, the Glorified, be pleased with her).

 

(RA3) = Radi Allahu-Aza-wa-Jala A'nhum (May Allah, the Glorified, be pleased with them)

 

(SWT) = Subhana Huwa-ta'ala (Glory be to him).

 

All the quotes from the Holy Qur'an in this article are from the translation of Mohammad Habib Shakir, unless otherwise indicated, most commonly known as M.H Shakir or just Shakir, though no one can rely completely on any translations.

 

All quotes from the Bible are from the King James Version (also known as KJV) of the Bible.

 

Was the Holy Qur'an plagiarised? How Islam Corrected a Backward People

 

In the name of Allah (SWT), the most gracious, the most merciful.

 

By, Hussain Tirmizi.

 

Often times we hear by Christians, Jews, Skeptics and others that the Holy Qur'an was plagiarised from the Pagan beliefs of the Arabs, before Islam. However did the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWW) really plagiarise from these beliefs or did he correct these beliefs?

 

I do not even need to quote how Islam and the Holy Qur'an had corrected the Gospels and the Torah. Just visit this article, to see the dozens of corrections:

 

http://answering-christianity.com/bassam_zawadi/bible_quran_compared.htm

 

As for the pagan beliefs, let us see how Islam had corrected them and did not copy them (though these are not even a page of the corrections Islam had brought to this society):

-         Prior to Islam, the pagan used to get so grieved and angered when a newly born girl was born, that he would hide himself from the people because of shame and used to wonder whether he should keep her with disgrace or bury her alive. Islam stopped this barbaric action. Allah (SWT) clearly stated that their judgement is evil. He also says in the Holy Qur'an he shall ask the baby child-girl, who was buried alive, why this had happened to her and what crime she committed (as a witness against the criminals who committed this barbaric act). Furthermore, Allah (SWT) directly forbids us from killing our children out of financial worry, saying that he will provide them and us with bounty and that killing them is a great sin:

 

And when a daughter is announced to one of them his face becomes black and he is full of wrath.

He hides himself from the people because of the evil of that which is announced to him. Shall he keep it with disgrace or bury it (alive) in the dust? Now surely evil is what they judge. (Surah an-Nahl 16:59-60)

 

And when the female infant buried alive is asked

For what sin she was killed.

Every soul shall (then) know what it has prepared.

 (Surah at-Takwir 81:8-9, 14)

And do not kill your children for fear of poverty; We give them sustenance and yourselves (too); surely to kill them is a great wrong. (Surah Bani Israel 17:31)

 

-         Prior to Islam, the woman was not given her wedding gift (dowry) from her husband for free. In the Holy Qur'an Allah (SWT) ordered men to give women their wedding gifts (dowries) for free, unless they themselves give up a portion of it to the husband (as an act of charity):

 

And give women their dowries as a free gift, but if they of themselves be pleased to give up to you a portion of it, then eat it with enjoyment and with wholesome result. (Surah an-Nisa 4:4)

 

-         The Arabs prior to Islam, used to inherit women. There was a tradition that the son would inherit his stepmother or his father's slave-girl after the father dies. Also the pagans prior to Islam took back the wedding gifts they gave to their women and did not treat their women kindly. Islam prohibited the inheritance of women and ordered believers not to take back the wedding gifts that they gave, unless they are guilty of manifest indecency, for instance, they are guilty of rebelliousness, disloyalty and adultery, and to treat them with kindness:

 

O you who believe! It is not lawful for you that you should take women as heritage against (their) will, and do not straighten them in order that you may take part of what you have given them, unless they are guilty of manifest indecency, and treat them kindly; then if you hate them, it may be that you dislike a thing while Allah has placed abundant good in it. (Surah an-Nisa 4:19)

 

-         The Arabs did not allow women any rights of inheritance prior to Islam. They were no better than slaves to their husbands or those who owned them. The Arabs were astounded when the Holy Prophet Mohammad (SAWW) gave women rights of inheritance to women, because this was very new and over-just to them. Islam ordered a definite right of inheritance for woman, whether the deceased person, whose wealth was being handed out, was poor or rich:

 

Men shall have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave, and women shall have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave, whether there is little or much of it; a stated portion. (Surah an-Nisa 4:7)

 

-         Prior to Islam, it was OK for the Arabs to consume the property of orphans and substitute worthless things for their good property. Islam forbade this act and Allah (SWT) condemned to hell, those who consumed the property of orphans:

 

And give to the orphans their property, and do not substitute worthless (things) for (their) good (ones), and do not devour their property (as an addition) to your own property; this is surely a great crime. (Surah an-Nisa 4:2)

 

(As for) those who swallow the property of the orphans unjustly, surely they only swallow fire into their bellies and they shall enter burning fire. (Surah an-Nisa 4:10)

 

-         Before Islam came, the Arabs would not allow their slaves to write a written document for their freedom, they could could only be freed at the will of the master and were sold to other masters. Also prior to Islam, the Arabs forced their slave-girls into prostitution. Islam allowed slaves to write a document, whereby they would work for a certain period, and would then be freed. After freedom, Muslims were to give them from their own wealth [the wealth given to them by Allah (SWT)]. Also, Allah (SWT) ordered the masters not to compel their slave girls into prostitution, when they desire to keep chaste and said that even after this compulsion, he was most-forgiving (i.e. to the slave-girl):

 

And (as for) those who ask for a writing from among those whom your right hands possess, give them the writing if you know any good in them, and give them of the wealth of Allah which He has given you; and do not compel your slave girls to prostitution, when they desire to keep chaste, in order to seek the frail good of this world's life; and whoever compels them, then surely after their compulsion Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Surah an-Nur 24:33)

 

-         The Pagans were drunkards, who used to get drunk and sleep with many women every night. They also used to play games of chance (gambling) and Islam forbade both gambling and alcohol (which created a just and civil society, where there were no brawls or deaths, due to drunkenness):

 

O you who believe! Intoxicants and games of chance and (sacrificing to) stones set up and (dividing by) arrows are only an uncleanness, the Shaitan's work; shun it therefore that you may be successful. (Surah al-Ma'idah 5:90)

 

-    They were people who ate meat from animals, which died themselves and were not killed by them (meaning the meat was probably rotten and thus very harmful for the body, which is one of the many reasons why disease was very common in the middle-east prior to Islam, but after Islam it was heavily reduced), drank the blood of animals (which is very filthy and harmful for the body as well), ate from animals which were beaten or strangled to death (which would be very cruel and barbaric), animals, which were killed by a fall (meaning the meat would probably be rotten and would inflict disease on the one who eats it) and animals that were eaten by other animals (which had the germs and saliva of the other animal) and ate food sacrificed to idols (which is idolatry and is forbidden in Islam, Judaism and Christianity). Islam forbade any type of meat for believers, which was from an already dead animal, forbade drinking blood of animals, forbade eating animals, which were beaten or strangled to death, forbade animals, which died from a fall, forbade eating animals, who were eaten by other animals and only allowed meat (other than pork) which was slaughtered in the name of Allah (SWT) [or in the name of Yahweh (SWT) by Jews] and no idol, unless a believer was in need (through extreme hunger, when there was no other food) and did not have the intention of sinning:

 

Forbidden to you is that which dies of itself, and blood, and flesh of swine, and that on which any other name than that of Allah has been invoked, and the strangled (animal) and that beaten to death, and that killed by a fall and that killed by being smitten with the horn, and that which wild beasts have eaten, except  what you slaughter, and what is sacrificed on stones set up (for idols) and that you divide by the arrows; that is a transgression. but whoever is compelled by hunger, not inclining willfully to sin, then surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Surah al-Ma'idah 5:3)

 

-         The pagans used to have women wear little or no clothes, when performing dances or stripping and used to force women into sex. There was no punishment for this filthy, unjust act upon an innocent woman/girl. Islam ordered women to dress modestly, covering their body parts, which attract men (i.e. everywhere except the face, hands and feet) so that they would not be molested and they would be known (meaning they would be known for they abilities and virtue rather than their outward beauty and known as her face would also be shown) and ordered that if the people in hypocrites did not desist, then they would be killed ruthlessly for their filthy, disgusting actions against those innocent women (i.e. molesting them):

 

O Prophet! Say to your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they let down upon them their over-garments; this will be more proper, that they may be known, and thus they will not be given trouble; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

 

If the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease and the agitators in the city do not desist, We shall most certainly set you over them, then they shall not be your neighbors in it but for a little while;

Cursed: wherever they are found they shall be seized and murdered, a (horrible) murdering. (Surah al-Ahzab 33:59-61)

 

-         In that pagan society the men were allowed to committing adultery against their wives, but not the other way around. The men were not guilty for sleeping with 20 women every night, but the women were guilty if the even slept with 1 other man. This was the sexism in that sick society, to which Islam was sent as a grace from Allah (SWT) and was sent for mankind. Islam made it clear that both the adulterer and adulteress would be lashed 100 times, with believers witnessing their punishment (as a sign of humiliation for their vile and disgraceful act) but would be forgiven and not punished if they repented. Also, slave-girls who committed adultery were only given half the punishment, unless of course they repented. However repenting means that the crime cannot be re-committed under any case, or else it will prove that the criminal was not sincere in his repentance previously and will thus be lashed 100 times.

 

(As for) the fornicatress and the fornicator, flog each of them, (giving) a hundred stripes, and let not pity for them detain you in the matter of obedience to Allah, if you believe in Allah and the last day, and let a party of believers witness their chastisement.

 

Except those who repent after this and act aright, for surely Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. (Surah an-Nur 24:2, 5)

 

And whoever among you has not within his power ampleness of means to marry free believing women, then (he may marry) of those whom your right hands possess from among your believing maidens; and Allah knows best your faith: you are (sprung) the one from the other; so marry them with the permission of their masters, and give them their dowries justly, they being chaste, not fornicating, nor receiving paramours; and when they are taken in marriage, then if they are guilty of indecency, they shall suffer half the punishment which is (inflicted) upon free women.(Surah an-Nisa 4:25)

 

-         In pagan society they prayed to idols and not to Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) forbade idol-worship (see above, Surah al-Ma'idah 5:90) and ordered the believers to pray (i.e. to him):

 

This Book, there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who guard (against evil).

Those who believe in the unseen and keep up prayer and spend out of what We have given them. (Surah al-Baqara 2:2-3)

 

Keep up prayer from the declining of the sun till the darkness of the night and the morning recitation; surely the morning recitation is witnessed. (Surah Bani Israel 17:78)

 

-         Before Islam, there was no compulsory charity and people could be excused and ignored even if they were dying of hunger or disease. Islam ordered charity to relatives (kindred), orphans, the poor, the needy, the traveller (wayfarer), the beggars, for the emancipation of slaves and captives, the ones who collect them and those who are inclined to converting to Islam. It is a duty upon Muslims:

 

It is not righteousness that you turn your faces towards the East and the West, but righteousness is this that one should believe in Allah and the last day and the angels and the Book and the prophets, and give away wealth out of love for Him to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and the beggars and for (the emancipation of) the captives, and keep up prayer and pay the poor-rate; and the performers of their promise when they make a promise, and the patient in distress and affliction and in time of conflicts -- these are they who are {rue (to themselves) and these are they who guard (against evil). (Surah al-Baqara 2:177)

 

Alms are only for the poor and the needy, and the officials (appointed) over them, and those whose hearts are made to incline (to truth) and the (ransoming of) captives and those in debts and in the way of Allah and the wayfarer; an ordinance from Allah; and Allah is knowing, Wise. (Surah at-Tawba 9:60)

 

 

To conclude, the Holy Qur'an did not plagiarise but rather corrected the ways of the Pagans.

 

Verily all Praise belongs to Allah (SWT), the Lord of all Creation. And verily Allah (SWT) knows best.

 

www.muslim-responses.com